This page forms part of the Transcultural Health resource, published in 2004, and is preserved as a historical document for reference purposes only. Some information contained within it may no longer refer to current practice.


Acheson D (Chair) (1998) Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health.  London: The Stationery Office.

Ahmad W (1996) 'Consanguinity and related demons: science and racism in the debate on consanguinity and birth outcomes', in: South N and Samson C (eds.)  The Social Construction of Social Policy, Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Ahmad W (ed.) (2000) Ethnicity, Disability and Chronic Illness, Buckingham: Open University.

Ahmad W and Atkin K (1996)  'Race' and Community Care, Buckingham: Open University Press.

Ahmad W, Darr A, Jones L and Nisar G (1998) Deafness and Ethnicity: Services, policies and politics, Bristol: Policy Press.

Ahmad W and Jones L (1998) 'Ethnicity, health and health care in the UK', inHealth Matters, London: Allen and Unwin.

Ahmad W, Darr A and Jones L (2000) ''I send my child to school and he comes back an Englishman': minority ethnic deaf people, identity politics and services', in Ahmad W (ed.) Ethnicity, Disability and Chronic Illness, Buckingham: Open University.

Akram Y, Anjum I and Ahmad W (1998) Improving Uptake of Respite Services by Learning Disabled Asian Adults, Manchester: Social Services Department.

Alexander Z (1999) The Department of Health: Study of Black, Asian and Ethnic Minority Issues, London: Department of Health.

Atkin, K. and Ahmad, W. (1998) Genetic counselling and haemoglobinopathies: ethics, politics and practice, Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 46:3, pp. 445-458

Atkin K and Ahmad W (2000a) 'Family caregiving and chronic illness: how parents cope with a child with a sickle cell disorder or thalassaemia', Health and Social Care in the Community, 8: 57-69.

Atkin K and Ahmad W (2000b) 'Screening and counselling for sickle cell disorders and thalassaemia: the experience of parents and health professionals', Social Science and Medicine, 47: 1639-1651.

Atkinson D (1999) Advocacy: A review, Brighton: Pavilion Publishing/Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Azmi S, Hatton C, Caine A and Emerson E (1996a) Improving Services for Asian People with Learning Disabilities: The Views of Users and Carers, Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre/ Mental Health Foundation.

Azmi S, Hatton C, Emerson E and Caine A (1996b) Asian Staff in Services for People with Learning Disabilities, Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre/ Mental Health Foundation.

Azmi S, Emerson E, Caine A and Hatton C (1996c) Improving Services for Asian People with Learning Disabilities and Their Families, Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre/ Mental Health Foundation.

Azmi S, Hatton C, Emerson E and Caine A (1997) 'Listening to adolescents and adults with intellectual disabilities from South Asian communities', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities ,10: 250-263.

Baldwin S 1994, "Needs assessment for people from Black and minority ethnic groups", Care in Place, Vol. 1,2.

Barenock T. & Wieck C. (1998) "Partners in Policymaking: Far more than the object of policy" in Innovations in Advocacy and Empowerment for People with Intellectual Disabilities, Ward L, ed., Lisieux Hall Publications.

Baxter C (1998) 'Learning difficulties', pp. 231-242 in: Rawaf S and Bahl V, (eds.) Assessing Health Needs of People from Minority Ethnic Groups, London: Royal College of Physicians/Faculty of Public Health Medicine.

Baxter C, Poonia K, Ward L and Nadirshaw Z (1990) Double Discrimination, London: King's Fund Centre/Commission for Racial Equality.

Begum N (1992) Something to be Proud of, London: Waltham Forest Race Relations Unit.

Begum N, Hill M and Stevens A (eds.) (1994) Reflections: The views of Black disabled people on their lives and community care, London: Central Council for Education and Training in Social Work.

Begum N (1995) Beyond Samosas and Reggae: A guide to developing services for black disabled people, London: King's Fund.

Bignall T and Butt J (2000) Between Ambition and Achievement: Young black disabled people's views and experiences of independence and independent living, Bristol: Policy Press/Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Black People First (1994) Report of conference held on 1 and 2 June 1993.  London: Black People First.

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Butt J (1994) Same Service or Equal Service, London:  HMSO.

Butt J and Mirza K (1996) Social Care and Black Communities, London:  HMSO.

Chamba, R. Ahmad, W. & Jones L. (1998) Improving Services for Asian Deaf Children Policy Press, Bristol.

Chamba R, Ahmad W, Hirst M, Lawton D and Beresford B (1999) On the Edge: Minority ethnic families caring for a severely disabled child, Bristol: Policy Press.

Cline T (1998) 'The assessment of special educational needs for bilingual children', British Journal of Special Education, 25, 4: 159-163.

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CVS Consultants/Asian People with Disabilities Alliance (1998) Ethnicity and Learning Difficulties: Moving towards equity in service provision, London: CVS Consultants.

DH (1999) Guidance on Joint Investment Plans. Circular HSC 1999/244:LAC(99)39.

DH (2000a) A Quality Strategy for Social Care, London: Department of Health.

DH (2000b) Implementation of Health Act Partnership Arrangements, Health Service Circular HSC 2000/010, Local Authority Circular LAC (2000) 9, London: Department of Health.

DH (2000c) The NHS Plan, Cm 4818-I, London: The Stationery Office.

DH (2001) Valuing People: A New Strategy for Learning Disability for the 21st Century. Cm 5086.

Diniz F A (2000) 'Race and special education needs in the 1990s', British Journal of Special Education, 26, 4: 213-217.

di Terlizzi M, Cambridge P and Maras P (1999) 'Gender, ethnicity and challenging behaviour:  a literature review and exploratory study', Tizard Learning Disabilities Review, 4, 4: 33-41.

Downer J and Ferns P (1998) 'Self-advocacy by Black people with learning difficulties, in: Ward L (ed.) Innovations in Advocacy and Empowerment for People with Intellectual Disabilities,  Chorley: Lisieux Hall.

Doyle Y, Moffat P and Corlett S (1994) 'Coping with disabilities: the perspective of young adults from different ethnic backgrounds in Inner London', Social Science and Medicine,  38: 1491-1498.

Dwyer C (1998) 'Contested identities:  challenging dominant representations of young British Muslim women', in: Skelton T and Valentine G (eds.) Cool Places, London: Routledge.

Emerson E (1997) 'Is there an increased prevalence of severe learning disabilities among British Asians?', Ethnicity and Health, 2: 317-321.

Emerson E and Hatton C (1998) 'Residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in England, Wales and Scotland', Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 11: 1-14.

Fisher B (2001) Services for All  Derbyshire:  ARC

Ganguly I (1995) 'Promoting the health of women of non-English-speaking backgrounds in Australia', World Health Forum, 16: 157-163.

Gething L (1985) 'Perceptions of disability of persons with cerebral palsy, their close relatives and able-bodied persons', Social Science and Medicine, 20: 561-565.

Giraud-Saunders A and Greig R (2000) Joint Investment Plans: A learning disability workbook, London: NHS Executive.

Hatton C, Azmi S, Emerson E and Caine A (1997a) 'Researching the needs of South Asian people with learning difficulties and their families', Mental Health Care, 1: 91-94.

Hatton C, Emerson E, Azmi S and Caine A (1997b) 'Lost in translation', Community Care, 10-16 July: 30-31.

Hatton C, Azmi S, Caine A and Emerson E (1998) 'Informal carers of adolescents and adults with learning disabilities from South Asian communities', British Journal of Social Work, 28: 821-837.

Hatton C, Akram Y, Shah R, Robertson J and Emerson E (2000) Supporting South Asian Parents of a Child with Severe Disabilities, Lancaster: Institute for Health Research, Lancaster University.

Hatton C and Emerson E (2001) ‘Ethnicity and intellectual disabilities’ International Review of Research on mental Retardation, 25

Holman, A. & Collins, J. (1998) "Choice and Control:  making direct payments work for people with learning difficulties," in Innovations in Advocacy and Empowerment, Ward L, ed., Lisieux Hall Publications, Chorley.

Jacobson J (1998) Islam in Transition: Religion and identity among British Pakistani youth, London: Routledge.

JRF (1999) Implementing Key Worker Services: A case study of promoting evidence-based practice, Findings D39, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Katbamna, S., Bhakta, P., & Parker, G. 2000, "Perceptions of disability and relationships in South Asian communities," in Ethnicity, Disability and Chronic Illness, W. Ahmad, ed., Policy Press, Buckingham.

Keywood K, Fovargue S and Flynn M (1999) Best Practice?  Health Care Decision-Making by, with and for Adults with Learning Disabilities, Manchester: National Development Team.

Kelleher, D. and Hellier, S. (1996) (eds) Researching Cultural Differences in Health.  Routledge

Lewis J (1996) Give Us a Voice, London: Choice Press.

Mason D (2000) Race and Ethnicity in Modern Britain, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mental Health Media (1998) Time for Change: Black and Asian people with learning difficulties, Video, London: Mental Health Media.

Mercer, G. & Barnes, C. (2000) "Disability: from medical  needs to social rights," in Contemporary primary  care:  the challenges of change, Tovey P, ed., Open University Press, Bucks.

Miles M (1996) 'Community, individual or information development?  Dilemmas of concept and culture in South Asian disability planning', Disability and Society, 11: 485-500.

Mir G, Tovey P and Ahmad W (2000) Cerebral Palsy and South Asian Communities, Leeds: Centre for Research in Primary Care, University of Leeds.

Mir G, Nocon A and Ahmad W (2001) Learning Difficulties and Ethnicity London:  Department of Health

Modood T, Berthoud R et al.(1997) Ethnic Minorities in Britain: Diversity and Disadvantage, London: Policy Studies Institute.

Morris J (1998) Still Missing?  The WhoCares? Trust/ Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Mukherjee S, Beresford B and Sloper P (1999) Unlocking Key Working: An analysis and evaluation of key worker services for families with disabled children, Bristol: The Policy Press.

Nadirshaw Z (1999)  'Learning disabilities', in: Bhugra D and Cochrane R (eds.) Multicultural Psychiatry, London: Gaskell.

Nazroo J (1997) The Health of Britain's Ethnic Minorities, London: Policy Studies Institute.

Newland J (1999) 'Assessing cultural identity in people with learning disabilities', Tizard Learning Disabilities Review, 4,4: 20-24.

Nothard A (1993) Uptake of services for people with learning disabilities from Black and minority ethnic communities in Leeds.  Leeds: Information and Resources Section, St Mary's Hospital, Leeds Community and Mental Health Unit.

Ong LC, Afifah I, Sofiah A and Lye MS (1998) 'Parenting stress among mothers of Malaysian children with cerebral palsy: predictors of child and parent-related stress', Annals of Tropical Paediatrics, 18: 301-307.

Pasha S (1996) Special needs of South Asian pupils in a southern English city, with special reference to eleven pupils in two linked SLD schools, Southampton: unpublished PhD thesis.

Poonia K and Ward L (1990) Fair Share of (the) Care, Community Care, 11 January: 16-18.

Prewett B (1999) Short-Term break, Long-Term Benefit: Using family-based short breaks for disabled children and adults, Sheffield: Community Care and Joint Unit for Social Services Research, University of Sheffield.

Priestley, M. (1995) 'Commonality and difference in the movement: an 'Association of Blind Asians' in Leeds', Disability and Society, 10: 157-169.

Sashidharan, A. & Francis, E. (1993) "Epidemiology, ethnicity and schizophrenia," in 'Race' and Health in Contemporary Britain, Ahmad W, ed., Open University Press, Buckingham.

Simons, K. (1998) "What Really Matters?," in Innovations in Advocacy and Empowerment, Ward L, ed., Lisieux Hall Publications.

Sutcliffe J and Jacobsen Y (1998) All Things Being Equal?  A practical guide to widening participation for adults with learning difficulties in continuing education, Leicester: National Institute of Adult and Continuing Education/Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Tait T, Chavannes M, Dooher J and Miles M (1998) A study to consider the accommodation support and care needs of individuals with individuals with learning disabilities from the Asian community in the City and County of Leicester, Leicester: de Montfort University/The Housing Corporation.

Ward L (ed.) (1998) Innovations in Advocacy and Empowerment for People with Intellectual Disabilities, Chorley: Lisieux Hall.

Westbrook MT, Legge V and Pennay M (1993) 'Attitudes towards disabilities in a multicultural society', Social Science and Medicine, 36: 615-623.

Winn L and Chotai N (1992) 'Community Development: working with black and minority ethnic groups', in: Winn L (ed.) Power to the People: The Key to Responsive Services in Health and Social Care, London: Kings' Fund Centre.