This section is designed to help you to understand and engage with public mental health in more depth.
Determinants of mental health
Poor mental health is associated with rapid social change, stressful work conditions, gender discrimination, social exclusion, unhealthy lifestyle, physical ill-health and human rights violations. There are growing concerns that mental health issues are becoming an increasing burden in society. The reasons for this are complex but pressures in life, people’s expectations and changes to the way social networks are defined all contribute.
Mental health promotion and protection
We can promote wellbeing as a societal health benefit when we create an environment which supports the mental health of individuals and respects and protects the civil, political, socio-economic and cultural rights of all. To achieve this goal, mental health awareness and support needs to be embedded across systems, not just within health care but also as a part of education, employment, justice, transport, environment, housing, and welfare sectors and as part of the public and private sectors.
Mental health care and treatment
It is essential not only to protect and promote the mental wellbeing, but also address the needs of persons with diagnosed mental health issues.
It is important that all nursing staff have an understanding and basic knowledge about the escalating burden of mental disorders. It is increasingly important to increase overall awareness of key mental health problems: depression and anxiety; psychosis and suicide.
To do thi, all nurses need to have an awareness of:
- HEE portal for Wellbeing and mental health. Includes action plan and guidance on parity of esteem
- PHE Resources from the Prevention Concordat for Better Mental Health Programme to help local areas with prevention planning arrangements.