News items that focus on evidence based practice
This theme explores what it means to practise in line with best available evidence. It highlights evidence based practice guidelines, research and other tools and updates on evidence based techniques and processes from across the UK. International content from credible resources is also included.
Soft drinks made with artificial sweeteners, such as diet colas, do not help people lose weight and may be as big a part of the obesity problem as the full-sugar versions, academics have said. A paper by researchers at Imperial College London and two universities in Brazil contends that artificially sweetened beverages, often called diet drinks, are just as big a problem as those containing sugar. There is no evidence they help people lose weight, they say, possibly because people assume they can eat more because their drinks are low in sugar.
Up-to-date, high quality, evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) that are applicable for primary healthcare are vital to optimize services for the population with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMSP). The study aimed to systematically identify and appraise the available evidence-based CPGs for the management of CMSP in adults presenting in primary healthcare settings.
The Tailored Implementation in Chronic Diseases (TICD) project aims to contribute knowledge on how to improve healthcare for patients with chronic diseases and, at the same time, knowledge on concepts and methods of tailoring interventions to local conditions. In this contribution, the project is briefly introduced and its main findings are discussed.
NHS National Institute for Health Research
An additional MRI scan during pregnancy could help to more accurately detect foetal abnormalities and give more certainty for parents whose 20-week ultrasound scan showed a potential problem, according to new research funded by the NIHR. The study involved 570 women whose mid-pregnancy ultrasound scan revealed a potential brain abnormality in the foetus. Within two weeks of their first scan they were given an extra scan using MRI, which increased accuracy of the diagnosis, meaning almost all (93 per cent) were correct.
NICE has produced a timeline of their work over 2016 highlighting guidance and standards that they have developed.
This quality standard calls on local authorities to include oral health as part of their general health promotion responsibilities. It suggests that councils could provide tooth brushing schemes in schools and nurseries and that social care providers should also ensure oral health is included in care plans for people receiving support.
New guidance for HIV testing and end of life care for infants, children and young people with life-limiting conditions.
New quality standards have been published for the planning and management and identifying and managing mental health problems in people with learning disabilities and tuberculosis.
National Institute for Health Research
Researchers from King’s College London supported by the NIHR Guy’s and St Thomas’ Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) have found that nearly three quarters of immune traits are influenced by genes. These findings could form the basis of further research into treatments for a number of autoimmune diseases.
A total of £12 million will be released to health boards with immediate effect, with a further £4 million being made available later. The fund will provide additional support of £16 million annually to help health boards in Wales speed up access to medicines recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG).