The World Health Organization’s Global tuberculosis report 2015 acknowledges that TB remains one of the world’s deadliest communicable diseases, now ranking alongside HIV as a leading cause of death worldwide. In 2014, an estimated 9.6 million people developed the disease and 1.5 million people died worldwide.
Nurses in all areas of health care are in an ideal position to control the spread of TB by identifying new cases. This can be done by recognising signs, symptoms and risk factors for TB. By supporting patients to complete their treatment and preventing new cases, transmission rates and cases of TB can be reduced.