Florence Blythe Brown

Transcript Diary 1918

Page 1-10

Page 1

Front cover Diary 1917

 

Page 2

Blank

 

Page 3

Left hand side

F.M.V.B. Brown

Military Hospital

Hampstead

From E.V.W

Right hand side

NORMAN BROS’

AUSTRALIAN DIARY

FOR

1917

ONE DAY ON A PAGE

======

No. 14

======

NORMAN Bros.,

60-62 Elizabeth Street, Melbourne,

Between Collins Street and Flinders Lane

 

Page 4

On left hand page a calendar for 1917.

On right hand page:

POSTAL INFORMATION

LETTERS

Within the Commonwealth and to all places in the British Empire, and to New Hebrides, Banks and

Torres Islands, per ½ ounce…1d

To all other places, per ½ ounce 2 ½ d

POST CARDS

Within the Commonwealth and to all places in the British Empire, United States of America and to

The New Hebrides, Banks and Torres Islands      Single  1d

                                                                                                Reply   2 d

To all other places, Single             1 ½ d

                                   Reply   3d

LETTER CARDS

Within the Commonwealth                                         Single 1 d

                                                                                                Reply 2 d

To all places in the British Empire,                             Single 1 d

To all other places                                                            Single 2 ½ d

 

CATALOGUES

Wholly set up and printed in Australia for delivery within the Commonwealth.  4oz          ½ d

If printed outside Australia, 2oz                 ½ d

To all other places, 2oz                  1d          

               

Page 5

Left hand side

Postal Information – continued

NEWSPAPERS

Within the Commonwealth and to New Zealand, Fiji and Papua     10 ozs:  ½ d 

Newspapers printed or published outside the Commonwealth, when posted in Australia, are subject to Magazine rates of postage. 

Newspapers printed and published in Australia, posted by registered newspaper proprietors, within the Commonwealth or to Papua,   20 ozs:  1 d

To United Kingdom, 8 ozs: 1 d, 8 oz to 10 ozs: 2 ½ d.  Each additional 2 ozs:  ½ d

To United Kingdom, all sea routes, 16 ozs, 1 d

To all other places, 4oz, 1 d.  Every additional 2 ozs, ½ d

 

BOOKS

Within the Commonwealth and to Papua, up to 5 lbs.  If printed in Australia, 8 ozs, ½ d.  If printed outside Australia, 4 ozs, ½ d.

To New Zealand, Fiji, New Hebrides and Solomon Islands (British), 4 ozs up to 5 lbs,  1d

To all other places, 2ozs up to 5 lbs, 1d

MERCHANDISE

Within the Commonwealth and to New Zealand, Fiji and Papua.  Every 2 ozs up to 1 lbs   1d

To all other places Merchandise must be sent by Parcel Post.   

 

Right hand page

MAGAZINES

Within the Commonwealth and to Papua-

if printed in Australia. 8oz  ½ d

If printed outside Australia, 4oz ½ d 

To New Zealand, Fiji, New Hebrides or Solomon Islands (British), 8oz..1d 

Each additional 4oz ½ d.

To all other places, 2oz 1d

PATTERNS AND SAMPLES

Within the Commonwealth, to Papua, Fiji, New Zealand, every 2oz up to 1lb..1d 

To United Kingdom, 2oz 1d up to 5lbs. 

To all other places, 2oz 1d up to 12oz.

COMMERCIAL PAPERS

Within the Commonwealth, 2oz  1d

To all other places, 2oz  3d

Each additional 2oz. up to 10oz ½ d

Beyond that, 1d for every 2oz up to 5 lbs

PRINTED PAPERS

Within the Commonwealth and to Papua, 2oz  ½ d

To New Zealand, Fiji, New Hebrides and British Solomon Islands, 4oz  1d  Each additional 2oz.  ½ d

To all other places, 2oz  1d

 

Page 6

Left hand page

POSTAL INFORMATION – continued

PARCELS

Within the State, including Lord Howe and Norfolk Island, 1lb.  6d. 

Each additional 1lb., 3d., up to 11lbs.

Interstate and to New Zealand,

Fiji and Papua, 1lb.  8d.  Each additional 1lb. 6d., up to 11lbs.

To United Kingdom, by Long Sea Route, 1lb.. 1s.

Via Marseilles, 1lb. 1/ 7 ½ , and 6d. for each additional lb. up to 11lbs.

To United States of America, via ‘Frisco, 1lb.  1s. Each additional lb., 6d up to 11lbs.

Via London, 1lb. 1/11, and 6d. each additional lb. up to 11 lbs.

MONEY ORDERS

Within the Commonwealth - £5, 6s; £10, 1s; £15, 1/6; £20, 2s.

To Papua - £5, 9d; £10, 1/6; £15, 2/3; £20, 3s.

To New Zealand and Fiji - £2, 6d; £5, 1s; £7, 1/6; £10, 2s; £12, 2/6; £15, 3s; £17, 3/6; £20, 4s.

United Kingdom, other British possessions, and Foreign Countries, 6d for any amount up to £2, and 3d for each additional £ or fraction of £.

POSTAL NOTES

Payable throughout the Commonwealth – 6d, 1/-, 1/6— ½ d; 2/-, 2/6, 3/-, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6—1d; 5/--1 ½ ; 7/6—2d; 10/-, 12/6, 15/-, 20/--3d

 

Right hand page

POSTAL INFORMTION-continued

TELEGRAPHIC RATES

City and Suburban, or within 16 miles of sending station—Sixteen words, including address and signature..6d, each additional word, 1d

Country-- Sixteen words, including address and signature. 9d, each additional word, 1d

Interstate- Sixteen words, including address and signature. 1s, each additional word, 1d

Urgent Telegrams, and Sunday, Christmas Day and Good Friday, double the above rates.

To New Zealand—per word 4 ½ d, New Caledonia 9d, Norfolk Island 3d, United Kingdom 3s, Suva and Fiji 8d, New York 2s 8d, Egypt 4s, Paris via Eastern, 3s.

DEFFERED TELEGRAMS (cables)  will be accepted for certain Foreign Countries at half ordinary rates, despatched daily, AFTER Telegrams paid at full rates have been dealt with.

WEEK-END CABLES for United Kingdom up to Saturday in each week for delivery on the Tuesday following at 9d per word, minimum of 15/-. 

For South Africa and Canada, 7d. per word: minimum 11/8. 

For India, Ceylon and Burma, 7 ½ d. per word: minimum 12/6.

For British North America 8d per word; minimum, 12/11.

 

Page 7

Left hand page

Postal Information-continued

WIRELESS TELEGRAMS

To and from any ship registered in Australia, 5d per word; unregistered, 6d per word.

Land charges, one penny per word.

Christmas or New Year greetings between Australia and New Zealand, 4/-, If addressed to vessels registered in Australia or New Zealand, 3/-

LETTER TELEGRAMS to addresses within the Commonwealth will be forwarded by Telegraph during the night, and delivered as ordinary letters by first delivery—Forty words, 1/-; each additional word, ½ d.

Sundays double the above rates.

Phases of the Moon, 1917.

Month

Full moon

Last quarter

New moon

First quarter

January

8

16

23

30

February

7

15

22

29

March

9

16

23

30

April

7

15

22

29

May

7

14

21

29

June

5

12

19

28

July

5

11

19

27

August

2

10

18

26

September

1

8

16

24

October

1 & 30

8

16

24

November

29

7

15

22

December

18

7

14

21

 

 

Right hand page

Table of Weights and Measures

LIQUID MEASURE.

60 minims = 1 drachm

8 drachms = 1 ounce

20 ounces = 1 pint

8 pints       = 1 gallon

1 minim     = 1 drop

1 drachm   = 1 teaspoonful

2 drachms  = 1 dessertspoonful

4 drachms   = 1 tablespoonful

2 ounces     =  1 wineglassful

1 gallon pure water  = 10lbs.

4 gills =    1 pint =    34.66 cubic inches

2 pints  = 1 quart = 69.318   “        “

4 quarts = 1 gallon = 277.274 “     “

1 pint of water weighs 20 oz.

Old Apothecaries’ Weight (superseded in 1864):--20 grains = 1 scruple; 3 scruples = 1 drachm; 8 drachms = 1 ounce; 12 ounces = 1 pound.

BEER, &C., MEASURE

9 gallons                               = 1 firkin

18 gallons                            = 1 kilderkin

36 gallons                            = 1 barrel

54 gallons                            = 1 hogshead

72 gallons                            = 1 puncheon

108 gallons                          = butt

216 gallons                          = tun

Page 8

Left hand page

WEIGHS AND MEASURES- continued

DRY MEASURE

2 pints                   = 1 quart

2 quarts                = 1 pottle

4 quarts                = 1 gallon

2 gallons               = 1 peck

4 pecks                 = 1 bushel

2 bushels             = 1 strike

4 bushels             = 1 coomb or sack

8 bushels             = 1 quarter

5 quarters           = 1 load

10 quarters         = 1 last

Boll of meal        = 140 pounds

2 bolls                   = 1 sack

Cereals are generally sold by weight.  A bushel of wheat = 63 lbs.; barley = 52-56 lbs.; oats = 40-42 lbs.; rye and maize = 60 lbs. A truss of straw weighs 36 lbs,; old hay, 56 lbs, ; new hay, 60lbs.  A load is 36 trusses.

WINE MEASURE

42 gallons                            = 1 tierce

63 gallons                            = 1 hogshead

84 gallons or 2 tierces     = 1 puncheon

2 hogshds, or 126 galls.  = 1 pipe or butt

2 pipes, or 252 gallons    = 1 tun

A hogshead = ½ a pipe or butt, or 2 quarter casks, or about 52 ½ gallons.

A pipe of port = 115 gallons, or about 56 dozen bottles.

A butt of sherry = 108 gallons, or about 52 dozen bottles.

A hogshead of French wine = 46 gallons, or about 22 dozen bottles.

An aum of Rhenish = 30 gallons, or about 25 dozen bottles.

 

 

Right hand page

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES- continued

CLOTH MEASURE

2 ½ inches                                           = 1 nail

4 nails                                                    = 1 quarter

4 quarters                                           = 1 yard

3 quarters                                           = 1 Flemish ell

5 quarters                                           = 1 English ell

6 quarters                                           = 1 French ell

ADMIRALTY CASKS

 

Length

ins

Diam

ins

Cont

gals

Leager

59

38

164

Butt

53

33

110

Puncheon

41 ½

30

72

Hogshead

37

28

54

Barrel

31 ½

24.5

36

Half-hogshead

28

22.5

27

Kilderkin

22

19.75

18

Firkin

22

17

12

 

MEASURE OF SURFACE

144 sq. inches                    = 1 sq. foot

9 sq. feet                             = 1 sq. yard

30 ¼ sq yards                     = 1 rod, pole or perch

16 sq. poles                        = 1 chain

40 sq. poles                        = 1 rood (1,210 yards)

4 rods or 10 sq. chains    = 1 acre (4,840     “  )

640 sq. acres                      = 1 sq. mile

1 hectare                             =  2.471 acres

30 sq. acres                         = 1 yard of land

100 acres                             = 1 hide of land

40 hides                               = 1 barony

 

Page 9

Left hand page

AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT

27 5/16 grains                    = 1 drachm

16 drachms                         = 1 ounce = 437 ½ grs

16 ounces                            = 1 pound (lb.) = 7000 grs.

14 pounds                           = 1 stone

28 pounds                           = 1 quarter (qr.)

8 stones                               = 1 hundred weight (cwt)

20 cwt                                   = 1 ton

A cental                                = 110 lbs.

1 cwt                                     = 1 small sack of coal

2 cwt                                     = 1 double sack of coal

20cwt. or 10 dble sacks  =  1 ton

3 bushels of coke             = 1 sack

12 sacks                                = 1 chaldron

21 chaldrons                       = 1 score

MEASURES OF SOLIDITY

1728 cubic inches                             = I cubic foot

27 cubic feet                                      = 1 cubic yard

40 cubic ft or merchandise           = 1 shipping ton

42 cubic feet of timber                  = 1 shipping ton

108 cubic feet                                    = 1 stack of wood

Ton of displacement of a ship     = 35 cubic feet

A load of earth is 27 cubic feet.  A load of bricks of 500

DIAMOND WEIGHT

16 parts                                = 1 grain (8/10ths grs troy)

4 grains                                 = 1 carat (31/5th grs Troy

 

Right hand page

Weights and measures- continued

MEASURES OF LENGTH

12 lines                 =             1 inch

12 inches             =             1 foot

18 inches             =             1 cubit

3 feet                    =             1 yard

6 feet                    =             1 fathom

16 ½ feet             =             1 pole

5 ½ yards             =             1 rod, pole or perch

4 poles                  =             1 chain

100 links               =             1 chain

66 feet                  =             1 chain

22 yards               =             1 chain

220 yards             =             1 furlong

40 poles               =             1 furlong

8 furlongs            =             1mile

1,760 yards         =             1 mile

5,280 feet            =             1 mile

6,080 feet            =             1 nautical mile or knot

1 cable’s length =             100 fathoms

7.92 inches          =             1 link

3 miles                  =             1 league

60 nautical miles =           1 degree

69 ½ geographical miles =             1 degree

The English mile is            1,760 yards

The Scotch mile is            1,984     “

The Irish mile is                 2,240

 

ANGLO-FRENCH MEASURES AND WEIGHTS

MEASURES

100 centimetres               =             I metre

1 metre                                                =             39 ½ inches

1 aune                                  =             45 inches

1 yard                                    =             91 ½ centimetres

If 1 metre costs 1fr., 1 yd. will cost fr. 1.37

 

Page 10

Left hand page

Weights and Measures- Continued

WEIGHT

1 cwt                     =             50.80 kilos

1 lb.                        =             454 grammes

1 oz.                       =             28 grammes

1 kilo                      =             2 lb. 3 ¼ ozs.

5 kilos                    =             11 lbs.

If 1 kilo costs 1 fr., 1 lb. will cost 4d., and 1 cwt. Will cost 40s. 7 ¾ d.

If 1 lb. costs 1s., 1 kilo will cost frs. 2.76

LIQUID MEASURE

1 litre                     =             about 1 ¾ imperial pints

1 quart                  =             1 litre, 14 centilitres

If 1 litre costs 1 fr., 1 gallon will cost 3s 7 5/8 d.

If 1 gallon costs 1s., 1 litre will cost 27 ½ cents.

TROY WEIGHT

3.17 grains           =             1 carat

24 grains              =             1 pennyweight

20 pennywts.     =             1 ounce                  =  480 grains

12 ounces            =             1 lb.         =  5,760 grains

100 lbs.                 =             1 cwt

Standard gold consists of 22 parts pure gold alloyed with 2 parts of copper or other metal, and according to the quantity of alloy is called 9, 12, 15 or 18 carat, i.e. that quantity of pure gold out of the twenty-four.

STANDARD TIME

(East of Greenwich)

West Australia                   8 hours

South Australia                 9 ½ hours

Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania          10 hours

New Zealand                     11 ½ hours

 

Right hand page

Eclipses, 1917

During the year 1917 there will be seven eclipses – four of the sun and three of the moon

  1.  A total eclipse of the moon, January 8th visible in the Eastern portion of Australia only.

11.   A partial eclipse of the sun, January 23rd , invisible in Australia.

111. A partial eclipse of the sun, June 19th, invisible in Australia.

1V.   A total eclipse of the moon, July 5th, visible in West Australia.

V.     A partial eclipse of the sun, July 19th invisible in Australia.

V1.   An annular eclipse of the sun, December 14th visible in West Australia as a partial eclipse; magnitude 0.392.  Angle from North Point of First Contact, 138 degrees to W.

V11. A total eclipse of the moon, December 28th, visible in Australia.

 

CALENDAR NOTES, 1917.

Golden Number 18, Epact 6, Dominical Letter G, Julian Period (year of) 6630.

The year 5678 of the Jewish Era begins on September 17th.

The year 1336 of the Mohammedan Era begins on October 17th.

Ramadan (the month of abstinence observed by Turks) begins on June 21 st.