Members across the UK, who work in the NHS, will be asked about the impact of pay restraint, and how the College should respond, including whether members should consider taking industrial action.
The shape of the survey will be decided in the coming weeks and will be launched before RCN Congress in May.
Janet Davies, RCN Chief Executive and General Secretary said: “The decision taken today by RCN Council shows their concern for the impact continued pay restraint is having on dedicated nursing staff.
“The pay cap is fueling a recruitment and retention crisis, and when compounded by issues such as down banding, substitution of roles and student funding changes, it’s a perfect storm for nursing.
“I urge members to look out for this survey and share their views with us; we are a member-led organisation and you will directly shape the next steps of our Nursing Counts campaign.
"Take this important opportunity to make your voice heard.”