These resources provide evidence and research findings around nursing staffing levels.
Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Ball J, Bruyneel L, Rafferty AM, Griffiths P (2018) Patient satisfaction with hospital care and nurses in England: an observational study, BMJ Open, 8.
Ball JE, Bruyneel L, Aiken LH and others (2017) Post-operative mortality, missed care and nurse staffing in nine countries: a cross-sectional study, International Journal of Nursing Studies.
Ball JE (2017) Nurse staffing levels, care left undone and patient mortality in acute hospitals, PhD thesis, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinksa Institutet.
Aiken LH, Sloane D, Griffiths P and others (2016) Nursing skill mix in European hospitals: cross-sectional study of the association with mortality, patient ratings, and quality of care, BMJ Quality and Safety, Published online first: 15 November 2016.
Griffiths P, Ball J, Murrells T, Jones S and Rafferty A (2016) Registered nurse, healthcare support worker, medical staffing levels and mortality in English hospital trusts: a cross-sectional study, BMJ Open, 6.
Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Bruyneel L, van dH, Griffiths P, Busse R and others (2014) Nurse staffing and education and hospital mortality in nine European countries: a retrospective observational study, Lancet, 383 (9931), pp.1824-30.
Ball JE, Murrells T, Rafferty AM, Morrow E and Griffiths P (2014) 'Care left undone’ during nursing shifts: associations with workload and perceived quality of care, BMJ Quality and Safety, 23, pp.116-125.
Barton N (2013) Acuity-based staffing: balance cost, satisfaction, quality, and outcomes, Nurse Leader, 11(6), pp. 47-50, 64.
North N, Leung W, Ashton T, Rasmussen E, Hughes F and Finlayson M (2013) Nurse turnover in New Zealand: costs and relationships with staffing practises and patient outcomes, Journal of Nursing Management, 21(3), pp.419-428.
Hurst K and Smith A (2011) Temporary nursing staff: cost and quality issues, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(2), pp.287-296.
Needleman J, Buerhaus P, Pankratz VS, Leibson CL, Stevens SR and Harris M (2011) Nurse staffing and inpatient hospital mortality, New England Journal of Medicine, 364 (11), pp.1037-1045.
Dall TM, Chen YK, Seifert RF, Maddox, PJ and Hogan PF (2009) The economic value of professional nursing, Medical Care, 47(1), pp.97-104.
Newbold D (2008) The production economics of nursing: a discussion paper, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45(1), pp.120-128.
Unruh L (2008) Nurse staffing and patient, nurse, and financial outcomes, American Journal of Nursing, 108(1), pp.62-72
Kane RL, Shamliyan TA, Mueller C, Duval S, and Wilt TJ (2007) The association of registered nurse staffing levels and patient outcomes: Systematic review and meta-analysis, Medical Care, 45 (12), pp.1195-1204.
Rafferty AM, Clarke SP, Coles J, Ball J, James P, McKee M and Aiken LH (2007) Outcomes of variation in hospital nurse staffing in English hospitals: cross-sectional analysis of survey data and discharge records, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44 (2), pp.175-182.
Needleman J, Buerhaus, PI, Stewart M Zelevinsky K and Mattke S (2006) Nurse staffing in hospitals: is there a business case for quality? Health Affairs, 25(1), pp.204-211.
Pearson A, Pallas, L O, Thomson D, Doucette E, Tucker D, Wiechula R, Long L, Porrit, K and Jordan Z (2006) Systematic review of evidence on the impact of nursing workload and staffing on establishing healthy work environments, International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 4, pp.337–384.
Spetz J (2005) The cost and cost-effectiveness of nursing services in health care. Nursing Outlook, 53(6), pp.305-309.
Cho S, Ketefian S, Barkauskas VH, and Smith DG (2003) The effects of nurse staffing on adverse events, morbidity, mortality, and medical costs, Nursing Research, 52(2), pp.71-79.
Aiken LH, Clarke SP, Sloane DM, Sochalski J and Silber JH (2002) Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction, JAMA, 288 (16) pp.1987-1993.
Needleman J, Buerhaus P, Mattke S, Stewart M and Zelevinsky K (2002) Nurse-staffing levels and the quality of care in hospitals, New England Journal of Medicine, 346 (22), pp.1715-1722.