Tools and interventions: SBAR
- Situation. Identify yourself and site you are calling from. Identify the patient by name and the reason for your report. Describe your concern.
- Background. Give the patient's reason for admission. Explain significant medical history. You then inform the other person of the patient's background. Include admitting diagnosis, date of admission, prior procedures, current medications, allergies, pertinent laboratory results and other relevant diagnostic results.
- Assessment. Vital signs; Contraction pattern; Clinical impressions, concerns.
- Recommendation. Explain what you need. Be specific about request and time frame; Make suggestions; Clarify expectations
1. Rabol et al (2011) Descriptions of verbal communication errors between staff. An analysis of 84 root cause analysis-reports from Danish hospitals. BMJ Quality & Safety March; 20(3): pp268-74. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs.2010.040238.
2. Nadzam D (2009) Nurses’ role in communication and patient safety. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, Jul-Sep;24(3): pp.184-8.
One tactic is to reduce communication breakdowns by making them more visible. People can then address omissions or misunderstandings before any harm comes to the patient. Before you adopt a communication intervention, ask yourself if it:
- is easy to understand and follow?
- is consistent and predictable?
- is resilient? If the process fails in one part of the system can another part can recover the error?
- steers users to do the right thing in the right way? Does it reduce "work arounds" and reliance on memory? (2).
Page last updated - 03/08/2019