NHS mileage allowances
All vehicles are reimbursed in the same way, with a single rate of reimbursement set on 1 July of every year. Increases in the cost of motoring will be reflected in a new rate. Where the cost of motoring decreases the reimbursement rate will decrease as well. Where the change is below plus or minus 5% the rate will remain the same.
Approved Mileage Allowance Payments (AMAP)
Where a driver uses their car for their employers business they can receive tax relief on the cost to them through HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). The system, called Approved Mileage Allowance Payments (AMAP), allows individuals to receive reimbursement of 45p a mile (for the first ten thousand miles and 25p thereafter) tax free. Reimbursement above 45p is taxed on the excess and reimbursement below 45p is available for tax relief.
If you use a lease car for work it is likely that you will only be reimbursed for the cost of fuel. HMRC publishes advisory rates for fuel reimbursement on a quarterly basis. The latest figures are available on the HMRC website. Employers are not obliged to reimburse at these rates. Reimbursement above the rate will be subject to tax and below tax relief may be applied for. Fuel reimbursement for lease cars is not negotiated nationally. Local staff sides should consider the advisory rates set by the HMRC and ask employers what steps they are taking to ensure that lease car rates are appropriate.