Infection or disease may be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses or prions and can result in a wide variety of infections, for example, urinary tract, wound, respiratory, blood, bone and skin infections.
Not all infections are transmissible but some, such as Clostridium difficlie, influenza and norovirus have the potential to spread from one patient to another, causing infection. This has additional significant implications for health care organisations, facilities or nursing homes. Understanding how infections occur and how different microorganisms act and spread is crucial to preventing infections.
The RCN is actively involved in infection prevention issues and practice to support improvements in nursing practice and patient outcomes. Activity takes place on a national, regional and local level, ranging from representation at national forums, meetings, stakeholder events and site visits to members' workplaces.